Abra History

Tuesday, 1 September 2009
History:
The first inhabitants of Abra were the ancestors of the Bontocs and the Ifugaos. When they moved to settle in the old Mountain Province, those who were established themselves near Tineg River, thus the name Tingguians or Itneg/Isneg (I-tineg), remained. The Ilocanos came later and occupied the low lands.

In the late 1590s, Augustinian friars penetrated the valley of the Abra River and established a mission in Bangued. In 1598 a Spanish garrison was established there to protect the Ilocanos who converted to Christianity from Tingguian raids. Abra was then named El Abra de Vigan or the 'opening of Vigan'.

During the Silang Revolt of 1762-1763, Abra played a significant role as the last stand of the Ilocano heroine Gabriela Silang. After Gabriela’s husband, Diego Silang, was assassinated, she and her followers retreated in Abra and carried on with her husband’s struggle. In 1763, she was overpowered by a strong Spanish force and was hanged in Vigan together with her trusted lieutenants.

Beginning in the 19th century, missionary activity was resumed in earnest and a number of towns established to preach to the newly settled and Christianized Tinguians.


In 1818 the Ilocos region, including Abra, was divided into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur.

In 1846, Abra was separated from the province of Ilocos Sur and established as a politico-military province. In 1846 Abra was created[7] as a political-military province with Lepanto as a sub-province. It remained so until the arrival of the Americans in 1899.
In 1905, the province of Abra was annexed as a sub-province of Ilocos Sur.
In 1908 the Philippine Commission once again annexed Abra to Ilocos Sur in an attempt to resolve Abra's financial difficulties.
In March 1917, Abra regained its status as a separate province through the passage of Act No. 2683. But on March 9, 1917, the Philippine Assembly re-established Abra as a province.

In 1942, the Japanese forces occupied the Philippines and entered Abra.

In 1945, the liberation in Abra in Northern Luzon from defenders by the Allied Philippine Commonwealth forces and the local Cordilleran guerrillas against the Japanese during the Battle of Abra at the end the Second World War.

In 1972, Abra remained part of the Ilocos Region.

In the 1980s, Abra became the hotbed of communist rebels who fed on the discontent over the loss of ancestral lands due to the establishment of a large logging concession.
The rebellion peaked in 1985, after which, it dissipated when the Cordillera People’s Liberation Army broke away from the communist movement and championed the effort to establish an autonomous Cordilleran government.
The revolutionary priest, Father Conrado Balweg, who fought for the rights of the Cordillera tribes, began his crusade in Abra. After successfully negotiating a peace accord with Balweg's group in 1987, the Philippine government created the Cordillera Administrative Region, which includes Abra.

In 1987, Abra, through E. O. 220, Abra became a part of the Cordillera Administrative Region.
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Cordillera Newspapers

Sunday, 30 August 2009
There are three local newspapers in the Cordillera. All are being published in Baguio City.

  • Baguio Midland Courier

  • Baguio News

  • Sun Star Baguio

  • All three are written in English.

    Source: http://www.abyznewslinks.com/phili.htm
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    University of the Philippines Baguio

    Wednesday, 26 August 2009
    University of the Philippines Baguio
    Type: State University - Campus
    Address : Gov. Pack Rd., Baguio City, Benguet 2600
    Telephone : (074)442-3888/442-5592
    Fax : (074)442-3888/442
    E-mail : our@.upb.edu.ph
    Year Established : 1938

    Program Offering (s): - Authority
    Master of Arts in Language and Literature - G.R. No. BR 1996 s. -
    Master of Arts in Social and Development Studies - G.R. No. BR 1982 s. -
    Master of Management - G.R. No. BR 1978 s. -
    Master of Science in Mathematics - G.R. No. BR 2001 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Communication - G.R. No. BR 2002 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Comparative Literature - G.R. No. BR s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Language and Literature - G.R. No. BR 2001 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication (Journalism) - G.R. No. BR 1983 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences-Double Major - G.R. No. BR 1981 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences-Economics - G.R. No. BR 1981 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences-Social Anthropology - G.R. No. BR 1981 s. -
    Bachelor of Arts in Speech Communication - G.R. No. BR 1983 s. -
    Bachelor of Fine Arts - G.R. No. BR 2005 s. -
    Bachelor of Science in Biology - G.R. No. NR s. -
    Bachelor of Science in Computer Science - G.R. No. BR 1996 s. -
    Bachelor of Science in Mathematics - G.R. No. BR 1976 s. -
    Bachelor of Science in Physics - G.R. No. BR 2002 s. -
    Certificate in Fine Arts - G.R. No. UC 2005 s. -
    Certificate in Visual Arts - G.R. No. UC 2001 s. -

    Official Website: http://www.upb.edu.ph

    Source: http://www.ched.gov.ph/hei_dir/HEIDirJan2008/CARapr01.pdf
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    University of the Cordilleras

    University of the Cordilleras
    (formerly Baguio Colleges Foundation)
    Type: Private Non-Sectarian
    Deregulated Status (November 15, 2007 to November 14, 2008)
    Address : Governor Pack Road, Baguio City, Benguet 2600
    Telephone : (074)4423316
    Fax : (074)4426268
    E-mail : webmaster@bcf.edu.ph
    Year Established : 1946

    Program Offering (s): - Authority
    PhD in Language Education - G.R. No. 10 s. 2004 - DRO
    PhD in Management - G.R. No. 11 s. 2004 - DRO
    MA in Education - G.R. No. 281 s. 1958 - DCO
    MA in Teaching - G.R. No. 141 s. 1985 - DCO
    Master in Business Administration - G.R. No. 126 s. 1984 - DCO
    Master in Computer Science - G.R. No. 20 s. 2003 - DRO
    Master in Information Technology
    Master in Public Administration - G.R. No. 37 s. 1993 - CRO
    MS in Civil Engineering - G.R. No. 063 s. 2003 -
    MS in Mountain Engineering
    AB in Mass Communication - G.R. No. 13 s. 1985 - DRO
    Bachelor of Arts - G.R. No. 120 s. 1950 - DCO
    Bachelor of Elementary Education - G.R. No. 280 s. 1958 - DCO
    Bachelor of Laws - G.R. No. 621 s. 1955 - DCO
    Bachelor of Secondary Education - G.R. No. 119 s. 1950 - DCO
    BS in Accountancy - G.R. No. 18 s. 1999 - CRO
    BS in Architecture - G.R. No. 140 s. 1985 - OTH-MECS
    BS in Biology - G.R. No. 124 s. 1984 - DCO
    BS in Business Administration - G.R. No. 121 s. 1950 - DCO
    BS in Civil Engineering - G.R. No. 719 s. 1953 - DCO
    BS in Computer Engineering - G.R. No. 005 s. 2003 - CRO
    BS in Computer Science - G.R. No. 006 s. 1989 - CRO
    BS in Criminology - G.R. No. 20 s. 1993 - CRO
    BS in Electronics and Communications Engineering - G.R. No. 5 s. 2004 - CRO
    BS in Financial and Management Accounting - G.R. No. 1 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Geodetic Engineering - G.R. No. 005 s. 1995 - CRO
    BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management - G.R. No. 5 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Information Management - G.R. No. 002 s. 2003 - CRO
    BS in Information Technology - G.R. No. 1 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Legal Management - G.R. No. 2 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Nursing - G.R. No. 18 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Office Administration - G.R. No. 230 s. 1961 - DRO
    BS in Psychology - G.R. No. 125 s. 1984 - DCO
    BS in Public Administration - G.R. No. 006 s. 2003 - CRO
    BS in Sanitary Engineering - G.R. No. 006 s. 1995 - CRO
    BS in Tourism - G.R. No. 6 s. 2005 - CRO
    Associate in Computer Office Administration - G.R. No. 007 s. 1995 - CRO
    Associate in Computer Technology - G.R. No. 16 s. 1996 - CRO

    Source: http://www.ched.gov.ph/hei_dir/HEIDirJan2008/CARapr01.pdf
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    University of Baguio

    University of Baguio
    (formerly Baguio Tech)
    Type: Private Non-Sectarian
    Deregulated Status (November 15, 2007 to November 14, 2008)
    Address : General Luna Rd., Baguio City, Benguet 2600
    Telephone : (074)442-3071
    Fax : (074)442-3071/419
    E-mail : ub@ubaguio.edu
    Year Established : 1948

    Program Offering (s): - Authority
    Doctor of Education - G.R. No. 0-70 s. 1978 - OTH-MECS
    Doctor of Philosophy - G.R. No. NA s. NA - NA
    MA in College Teaching - G.R. No. 277 s. 1966 - DCO
    MA in Education - G.R. No. 277 s. 1966 - DCO
    MA in English - G.R. No. 154 s. 1962 - OTH-DOE
    MA in Filipino - G.R. No. 154 s. 1962 - OTH-DOE
    MA in Secondary Teaching - G.R. No. 277 s. 1966 - DCO
    Master in Business Administration - G.R. No. 007 s. 1976 - DCO
    Master in Business Education - G.R. No. 007 s. 1976 - DCO
    Master in Public Administration - G.R. No. heD-25 s. 1993 - DRO
    Master of Dental Science - G.R. No. 057 s. 1999 - CCO
    MS in Criminology - G.R. No. 058 s. 1998 - CCO
    Bachelor of Arts - G.R. No. 607 s. 1995 - OTH-DOE
    Bachelor of Elementary Education - G.R. No. 107 s. 1956 - OTH-DOE
    Bachelor of Laws - G.R. No. 001 s. 2005 - CRO
    Bachelor of Secondary Education - G.R. No. 235 s. 1958 - OTH-DOE
    BS in Accountancy - G.R. No. 606 s. 1955 - OTH-DOE
    BS in Architecture - G.R. No. 05 s. 1996 - CRO
    BS in Biology - G.R. No. 073 s. 1978 - OTH-MECS
    BS in Civil Engineering - G.R. No. 042 s. 1963 - OTH-DOE
    BS in Commerce - G.R. No. 606 s. 1955 - OTH-DOE
    BS in Computer Engineering - G.R. No. NA s. NA - NA
    BS in Computer Science - G.R. No. 06 s. 1996 - CRO
    BS in Criminology - G.R. No. 011 s. 1974 - OTH-DOE
    BS in Electronics and Communications Engineering - G.R. No. 204 s. 1999 - CCO
    BS in Environmental and Sanitary Engineering - G.R. No. heD-17 s. 1993 - DRO
    BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management - G.R. No. heRC-40 s. 1986 -
    BS in Industrial Technology
    BS in Medical Technology - G.R. No. 307 s. 1975 - OTH-MECS
    BS in Nursing - G.R. No. 017 s. 2005 - CRO
    BS in Nutrition and Dietetics - G.R. No. 057 s. 1986 - OTH-MECS
    BS in Physical Therapy - G.R. No. heD-13 s. 1994 - DRO
    BS in Secretarial Administration - G.R. No. heRC-22 s. 1985 -
    BS in Tourism - G.R. No. 105 s. 1997 - CCO
    Doctor of Dental Medicine - G.R. No. 056 s. 1986 - OTH-MECS
    Doctor of Optometry - G.R. No. 012 s. 1995 - CRO
    Associate in Health Science Education - G.R. No. NA s. NA - NA
    Associate of Arts in Hotel and Restaurant Management - G.R. No. heD-41 s. 1994 - DRO
    Pre-Dentistry - G.R. No. 074 s. 1978 - OTH-MECS

    Official Website: http://www.ubaguio.edu

    Source: http://www.ched.gov.ph/hei_dir/HEIDirJan2008/CARapr01.pdf
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    Systems Technology Institute ECollege Baguio

    Systems Technology Institute ECollege Baguio
    Type: Private Non-Sectarian
    Address : Private Rd., New Lucban, Baguio City, Benguet 2600
    Telephone : (074)300-1428/300-1429
    Fax : (074)300-1428
    E-mail : stibagnl@mozcom.com
    Year Established : 1997

    Program Offering (s) - Authority
    Bachelor of Secondary Education - G.P. No. 46 s. 2003 - CRO
    BS in Business Administration - G.R. No. 02 s. 2002 - CCO
    BS In Computer Engineering - G.R. No. 010 s. 2003 - CCO
    BS in Computer Science - G.R. No. 165 s. 2000 - CCO
    BS in Nursing - G.P. No. 016 s. 2006 - CRO
    Associate in Computer Technology - G.R. No. 258 s. 1998 - CCO

    Source: http://www.ched.gov.ph/hei_dir/HEIDirJan2008/CARapr01.pdf
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